Lavatubes of the Mount St. Helens Region

Geology of Lavatubes

Geology of Lavatubes: Instant caves from liquid rock.

Biology of Lavatubes

Biology of Lavatubes: The Rock Eaters and other Extremophiles.

The Caves of Mars

Extraterrestrial Caves: The ET Underground and the search for life.

Extraterrestrial Lavatubes
"Pele Base" hypothetical Martian lavatube habitat. Illustration by G. Frederick


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Image Credits: Unless otherwise noted, all illustrations and photographs on this Website were created by Gus Frederick.