Geology of Lavatubes

Instant caves from liquid rock


Geology of Lavatubes: Instant caves from liquid rock.

Biology of Lavatubes

Biology of Lavatubes: The Rock Eaters and other Extremophiles.

The Caves of Mars

Extraterrestrial Caves: The ET Underground and the search for life.

Geology of Lavatubes
Looking down tube in Ape Cave. Photo by G. Frederick

Geological SettingLavatubesApe CaveCave Basalt MapCave ClimateVideo Clips

Mt. St. Helens Video Clips